Orange Varieties

Citrus sinensis

VARIETY SEASON OF
MATURITY
SEEDS/
FRUIT
FRUIT
SIZE
COMMENTS
AMBERSWEET
Clementine tangerine X Orlando tangelo.
OCT – DEC MANY
10 – 20
MEDIUM Moderately thick rind, easily peeled. Flesh tender, deep orange color, good juice. When fruit gets too ripe starts to dry. Tree upright, dense foliage. Moderately cold hardy.
BLOOD FEB – APR FEW
4 – 10
SM-MED
2½” – 2¾”
Unique sweet flavor. Rind orange with pink blush. Red pigment in flesh is dependent upon cooler temperatures; darker in colder areas. Medium size tree, very productive. Fruit can be round, oval or oblate in shape. Sanguinelly: Streaks of blood, taste similar to Valencia, fruit appearance same as Valencia.
HAMLIN OCT – JAN FEW
0 – 6
MEDIUM
2¾” – 3”
Most commonly grown early season orange in FL. Excellent juicy fruit, low acid. Rind is smooth, thin, pale orange, easily peeled. Medium to large tree, moderately vigorous growth, very heavy producer. More cold-tolerant.
NAVEL OCT – JAN FEW
0 – 6
LARGE
3” – 3½”
Lower acid content than most orange varieties. Easily peeled, sections well with excellent flavor. Not good for juicing as juice is more sour. Light producer; use pollinator for more fruit. Earliest maturing.
ORTANIQUE
Or(ange) tan(gerine)  (un)ique

Sweet orange X tangerine
JAN - APR VARIES
1-10
MEDIUM
2¾” – 3”
Extremely juicy and sweet. Used for fresh fruit (breakfast, salads). Rind is smooth, pale orange color, thin & oily. Pulp deep orange color. Large size tree w/ vigorous growth. Closely resembles Temple.
PAGE
Minneola [Duncan x Dancy] X Clementine
OCT – FEB VARIES
0 – 25
SMALL
2” – 2½”
High fruit quality, very sweet, excellent for juice. Peel thin, easily peeled & excessively oily. Moderately vigorous, thornless, heavy producer. Noticeable leaf drop in winter. Cold hardy.
PARSON BROWN OCT – FEB MANY
10 – 20
MEDIUM
2¾” – 3”
Produces a good crop of high quality fruit. Excellent juice fruit, juicy and sweet. Large upright, vigorous tree, bears heavy crop. Fruit is round w/ smooth, fairly thin, well-colored rind.  **similar to Hamlin**
PINEAPPLE DEC – FEB MANY
15 – 25
MEDIUM
2¾” – 3”
Juice orange: Sweet juice flavor. Med-large tree, heavy producer. Subject to alternate year bearing & pre-harvest drop. Fruit sensitive to frost.  **similar to Hamlin**
RED NAVEL OCT – JAN FEW
0 – 6
LARGE
3” – 3½”
Red colored flesh, very sweet. Attractive in salads, easily peeled. Excellent eating fruit. Tree has compact growth habit.
TEMPLE
(Royal mandarin)
Tangerine X sweet orange
JAN – MAR MANY
15-20
MEDIUM
2¾” – 3”
Excellent eating quality fruit with pebbly, thin rind that peels easily. Peel deep orange to red-orange. Pulp is orange. High sugars. Very good mid-season orange. Medium vigor, bushy, thorny, good producer. Cold sensitive.  **similar to Valencia**
VALENCIA
Citrus sinenais Valencia
MAR – JUN FEW
0 – 6
MEDIUM
2¾” – 3”
Juice orange. Represents 50% of the oranges grown in FL. Very juicy and sweet.  Excellent for eating or juice. The last orange variety for the season. Rind remains somewhat greenish when mature w/ thin & tightly adhering rind. Vigorous upright, large & very prolific but some tendency to alternate bear.  **similar to Temple**

Note: Nothing requires a pollinator; if did, may produce more fruit. < 25-30 F, need to protect all citrus. HARD FREEZE: 28 F > 4 hrs.

The orange is a hybrid of ancient cultivated origin, possibly between pomelo (Citrus maxima) and mandarin (Citrus reticulata).[2] It is a small floweringtree growing to about 10 m tall with evergreenleaves, which are arranged alternately, of ovate shape with crenulate margins and 4–10 cm long. The orange fruit is a hesperidium, a type of berry.

Oranges originated in Southeast Asia. The fruit of Citrus sinensis is called sweet orange to distinguish it from Citrus aurantium, the bitter orange. The name is thought to ultimately derive from the Sanskrit[3] for the orange tree, with its final form developing after passing through numerous intermediate languages.

In a number of languages, it is known as a "Chinese apple" (e.g. DutchSinaasappel, "China's apple"). Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orange_(fruit)

Grapefruit Varieties

Citrus x paradisi

VARIETY SEASON OF
MATURITY
SEEDS/
FRUIT
FRUIT
SIZE
COMMENTS
DUNCAN NOV – MAY SEEDY LARGE White flesh. Excellent flavor; very juicy; sweet like the reds; popular for sectioning. Vigorous, large, attractive growth habit, dark-green foliage, very productive. One of the best tasting varieties.
FLAME
Citrus paradisi
NOV – MAY FEW
0-6
LARGE
3” – 4”
Peel will show dark pink color. Flesh is darker colored than Ruby Red. Very juicy, excellent sweet flavor.
MARSH NOV – MAY FEW
0-6
LARGE
3” – 5”
White flesh. Very juicy, tart. Used commercially for juice. Large growth habit; glossy leaves, attractive clusters of fruit.
PINK
Thompson or
Pink Marsh
NOV – MAY FEW
0-6
LARGE
3” – 5”
Peel color shows no pink color. Flesh color white to pale pink in color.
RUBY RED NOV – MAY FEW
0 – 6
LARGE
3” – 5”
Peel will show a pale pink blush. Flesh is pink to pale red color. Very juicy. Mostly widely grown in FL.
STAR RUBY NOV - MAY FEW
0-2
LARGE
3” – 4”
Peel is thin w/ dark pink blush. Flesh intense dark red (most heavily pigmented of grapefruits). Very juicy & sweet. Slow growing & compact, bushy growth habit. Less cold hardy than other varieties.
PUMMELO HB
(Hirado Buntan)

Citrus maxima
Citrus grandis
NOV – FEB SEEDY
20 – 30
LARGE
5” – 7”
Pink colored flesh. Very low acid; tastes like sweet, mild grapefruit. Dessert or salad fruit; peel used for marmalade or candied dipped in chocolate; Chinese cooking. Fruit: Biscuit shaped with very thick, pudgy, yellow, smooth rind. Tree size: 10 – 50 ft. Cold tolerant.
PUMMELO, ORO BLANCO
Citrus maxima or
Citrus grandis
NOV – MAR FEW
0 - 6
LARGE Thick, easy-to-peel rind ranging in color from green to yellowish, white flesh. Juicy, sweet-to-sweet tart flavor. Eat like a grapefruit. Fruit more rounded than Hirado Buntan.

Note: Nothing requires a pollinator; if did, may produce more fruit. < 25-30 F, need to protect all citrus. HARD FREEZE: 28 F > 4 hrs.

These evergreen trees are usually found at around 5–6 metres (16–20 ft) tall, although they can reach 13–15 metres (43–49 ft). The leaves are dark green, long (up to 150 mm, or 6 inches) and thin. It produces 5 cm (2 in) white four-petaled flowers. The fruit is yellow-orange skinned and largely an oblate spheroid; it ranges in diameter from 10–15 cm. The flesh is segmented and acidic, varying in color depending on the cultivars, which include white, pink and red pulps of varying sweetness. The 1929 US Ruby Red (of the Redblush variety) has the first grapefruit patent.[3]

The fruit has become popular since the late 19th century; before that it was only grown as an ornamental plant. The United States quickly became a major producer of the fruit, with orchards in Florida, Texas, Arizona, and California. In Spanish, the fruit is known as toronja or pomelo. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grapefruit