Cocktail Trees and Others

Cocktail Variety

VARIETY SEASON OF
MATURITY
SEEDS/
FRUIT
FRUIT
SIZE
COMMENTS
See each variety listing -- -- -- 6 varieties grafted ; 3 are usually guaranteed.
Ruby red grapefruit, navel orange, ponkan tangerine, Minneola tangelo, Meyer lemon, Persian lime

Note: Nothing requires a pollinator; if did, may produce more fruit. < 25-30 F, need to protect all citrus. HARD FREEZE: 28 F > 4 hrs.

Other Varieties

VARIETY SEASON OF
MATURITY
SEEDS/
FRUIT
FRUIT
SIZE
COMMENTS
BUDDHA’S HAND
(fingered citron or sacrodatylis)
Citrus medica var.sarcodactylis
NOV – MAR -- -- Tree is small with the fruit split down the length resembling a human hand. Used as a garden shrub, for perfuming rooms & clothing, as adornment at religious ceremonies. New Year’s good luck gift.
CALAMONDIN
(Chinese orange)
Sour mandarin X kumquat
Citrus microcarpa or Citris mitis or Fortunella mitis or Citrofortunella microcarpa
NOV – APR FEW
3 – 5
SMALL
¼” – 1½”
round
Very heavy producer, very showy landscaping plant, small oval leaves, thin skinned. Used to flavor drinks, for marmalades, jellies & cooking. Juicy, acidic. Marketed as miniature oranges for houseplants. Cold hardy.
CHINOTTO
Citrus myrtifolia
Myrtle-leaf orange
-- -- SMALL Sour orange type – small highly decorative ornamental shrub. Slow growing, thornless branches have a weeping habit. Pebbled rind. Blooms profusely. Italians use for bitter liquor. Used for glace’ fruit – crystallized fruit.
ETROG
(Ethrog)
Citrus limonimedica
or Citrus medica var. Etrog
NOV - MAR EXCESSIVE SM – MED
1” – 2”
Lemon-shaped fruit. Strongly ridged, firm thick rind, cannot be removed by peeling. Fruit is yellow to yellowish-orange. Peel oil has distinctive aroma. Pulp strongly acid flavor like lemon. Less vigorous & productive of citron varieties; leaves are more rounded & cupped. Jewish Feast of Tabernacles.
VOLKAMER LEMON
Citrus volkameriana
Lemon X sour orange
-- -- -- Root stock. Trees on this rootstock are vigorous & very productive but fruit quality is little better than rough lemon. Tolerant to tristeza virus & somewhat to salinity. Cold hardy.
SWINGLE CITRUMELO
Trifoliate orange X grapefruit
-- -- -- Root stock. Produces fruit of outstanding quality equaling that produced on sour orange. Tristeza-tolderant, resistant to phytophthora root rot & citrus nematode. Cold hardy.

Note: Nothing requires a pollinator; if did, may produce more fruit. < 25-30 F, need to protect all citrus. HARD FREEZE: 28 F > 4 hrs.

Lemons & Limes

LEMON (Citrus limon)

VARIETY SEASON OF
MATURITY
SEEDS/
FRUIT
FRUIT
SIZE
COMMENTS
EUREKA
(similar to Lisbon, Sicilian, Harvey)
Citrus limon var. Eureka
EVERBEARING FEW
0 – 5
SMALL
2” – 2½”
Moderately vigorous, spreading growth habit, thorny. Very juicy, acidic, excellent for cooking. Common commercial variety. Similar to grocery variety. Cold sensitive.
MEYER
Lemon X orange or mandarin
Citrus limon meyeri
EVERBEARING MANY
10
MEDIUM
2½” – 3”
Yellowish orange rind. Pulp is usually dark yellow color, very juicy & tender, less acid than true lemon.. . Exceptionally smooth, soft & thick but lacks the typical lemon peel oil aroma; purple blooms. Small compact growing habit. Most cold tolerant of all lemons. Popular for dooryard planting.
PONDEROSA
Lemon X citron
Citrus limon var. ponderosa
EVERBEARING MANY
7 – 15
X LARGE
3” – 5”
Moderately juicy, fairly acidic. Very large, white & fragrant blooms. Thick, bumpy, fleshy rind. Small growth habit, used in CA for garden ornamental, large leaves & very thorny. Small-medium size tree (10-25 ft). Good for cooking. Cold sensitive.
SAMBO (Sweet)
lemon X tangerine
NOV – DEC MANY LARGE
3” – 3½”
Rough skin, oval-shaped like Orlando tangelo. Good tasting, peel orange color, easily peeled. Moderately juicy, lemon-like flavor. Origin Japan. Sweet (no acid). Cold hardy.
VARIEGATED PINK LEMON
Citrus limon var. variegata
NOV – MAR FEW
0 – 6
SM - MED
2½” – 2¾”
Foliage and fruit are uniquely variegated. Flesh is pink in color. Cold sensitive.

Note: Nothing requires a pollinator; if did, may produce more fruit. < 25-30 F, need to protect all citrus. HARD FREEZE: 28 F > 4 hrs.

Lime

VARIETY SEASON OF
MATURITY
SEEDS/
FRUIT
FRUIT
SIZE
COMMENTS
INDIAN SWEET
(Palestine)
Citrus limettoides
Lemon X orange X Mexican lime
  FEW MEDIUM
1¾” – 2½”
Not acidic, referred to as sweet. Medium-sized tree with irregular, thick and thorny branches , while the leaves are cupped or rolled. Round fruit with a small nipple, very juicy, mild flavored white juice with hint of orange flavor. Rind smooth or faintly ribbed, light yellow changing to orange-yellow when fully mature. Tree similiar to Persian in appearance. In India/Egypt believed to have special medicinal properties. Used for root stock in Middle East & India.
KAFFIR
Citrus hystrix
JAN - APR VERY SEEDY   Tree is small. Fruit has real rough, bumpy & thick peel; dark green fruit with strong lime aroma. Used for the rind oil & leaves to enhance flavor of Asian cooking (curries, soups & salads).Leaves & rind can be kept in freezer up to 1 year.
KEY
(Mexican,’true lime”)
Citrus aurantifolia
EVERBEARING FEW
3-10 (very small)
SMALL
1¼” – 1¾”
Very acidic & juicy. Flesh is greenish-yellow to yellow in color. Peel turns greenish-yellow when ripe. Excellent for cooking & pies. Fairly vigorous , medium size, bushy growth w/ slender branches. Cold sensitive. THORNY more fruit production than thornless. Thorny leaf elongated whereas thornless more rounded.
LIMEQUAT
Citrofortunella floridana
Marumi kumquat X West Indian Lime
EVERBEARING FEW
0-7 (very small)
SMALL
1¼” – 1¾”
oblong
Cross round kumquat & key lime. Small tree size. Very heavy producer. Acidic, very juicy. Yellow fruited, white flesh color. Key Lime flavor. More cold tolerant than other limes.
PERSIAN
(Tahiti~Bearss~
Sicilian)
Citrus latifolia
EVERBEARING NONE
0 – 1
MEDIUM
1¾” – 2½”
Harvested while still green; mature fruit greenish-yellow. Flesh is pale yellow. Very juicy & acidic. Most commonly grown for commercial use. Similar to lime found in grocery. Vigorous growth & thornless, large, dark green leaves. Spot picked while green. Cold sensitive.

Note: Nothing requires a pollinator; if did, may produce more fruit. < 25-30 F, need to protect all citrus. HARD FREEZE: 28 F > 4 hrs.

The lemon is a small evergreen tree (Citrus × limon, often given as C. limon) originally native to Asia, and is also the name of the tree's oval yellow fruit. The fruit is used for culinary and nonculinary purposes throughout the world – primarily for its juice, though the pulp and rind (zest) are also used, mainly in cooking and baking. Lemon juice is about 5% to 6% (approximately 0.3 mole per liter) citric acid, which gives lemons a sour taste, and a pH of 2 to 3. This makes lemon juice an inexpensive, readily available acid for use in educational science experiments. Because of the sour flavor, many lemon-flavored drinks and candies are available, including lemonade and lemon heads. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lemon

Lime is a term referring to a number of different fruits, both species and hybrids, citruses, which have their origin in the Himalayan region of India and which are typically round, green to yellow in color, 3–6 cm in diameter, and containing sour and acidicpulp. Limes are often used to accent the flavours of foods and beverages. They are usually smaller than lemons, and a source of vitamin C. Limes are grown all year round and are usually sweeter than lemons.

Limes are a small citrus fruit, Citrus aurantifolia, whose skin and flesh are green in color and which have an oval or round shape with a diameter between one to two inches. Limes can either be sour or sweet, with the latter not readily available in the United States. Sour limes possess a greater sugar and citric acid content than lemons and feature an acidic and tart taste, while sweet limes lack citric acid content and are sweet in flavor. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lime_(fruit)

Kumquat Varieties

Kumquat

VARIETY SEASON OF
MATURITY
SEEDS/
FRUIT
FRUIT
SIZE
COMMENTS
CENTENNIEL (oblong) (variegated) NOV – MAY   SM - MED
2” – 2-1/2”
Sour, similar in taste to limequat (Key Lime). Turns orange when very ripe.
MARUMI (round)
Fortunella japonica
  FEW SMALL
1” – 1½”
Plant thornier than Nagami; more tart than Meiwa. Cold sensitive.
MEIWA (round)
Fortunella crassifolia (F. margarita X F. japonica)
NOV – MAY FEW
3-5 (very small)
SMALL
1” – 1½”
round
Sweetest of all kumquats; best eating kumquat. Thick rind, little juice. Used for preserves, candied fruit & eating out of hand. Compact growth habit; tree is small, thornless. Cold hardy.
NAGAMI (long)
Fortunella margarita
NOV – MAY FEW
3-5 (very small)
SMALL
1¼” – 1¾”
oblong
More tart taste than Meiwa & brighter orange color. Used for preserves & commercial landscaping. Small – medium, vigorous tree has small, dark green leaves, fine branches. Cold hardy.

Note: Nothing requires a pollinator; if did, may produce more fruit. < 25-30 F, need to protect all citrus. HARD FREEZE: 28 F > 4 hrs.

Kumquats are a group of small fruit-bearing trees in the flowering plant family Rutaceae, either forming the genus Fortunella, or placed within Citrus sensu lato. The edible fruit closely resembles that of the orange (Citrus sinensis), but is much smaller and oval, being approximately the size and shape of an olive.

They are slow-growing evergreenshrubs or short trees, from 2.5 to 4.5 metres (8 to 15 ft) tall, with sparse branches, sometimes bearing small thorns. The leaves are dark glossy green, and the flowers pure yellow, similar to other citrus flowers, borne singly or clustered in the leaf-axils. The kumquat tree produces 30 to 50 fruit each year. The tree can be hydrophytic, with the fruit often found floating on water near shore during the ripe season.

The plant is native to south Asia and the Asia-Pacific. The earliest historical reference to kumquats appears in literature of China in the 12th century. They have long been cultivated in Japan, Taiwan, the Philippines and southeast Asia. They were introduced to Europe in 1846 by Robert Fortune, collector for the London Horticultural Society, and shortly thereafter into North America. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kumquat

Tangerine and Tangelo Varieties

TANGERINE Citrus reticulata

VARIETY SEASON OF
MATURITY
SEEDS/
FRUIT
FRUIT
SIZE
COMMENTS
CLEMENTINE
Citrus clementina
OCT – FEB FEW
0 – 6
SMALL
2”
Sweet, easy peel, orange peel color. Spain. Cold hardy.
DANCY DEC – JAN MANY
6 – 20
SMALL
2¼” – 2½”
One of FL’s oldest tangerine varieties. Traditional Christmas tangerine. Peel deep red color; easy to peel (zipper-skin). Excellent fruit quality, richly flavored, acidic. Similar to Ponkan but smaller. Upright, vigorous growth, large tree, thornless, alternate bear. Some cold resistant, fruit susceptible to frost.
KING MANDARIN
(King of Siam)
Citrus nobilis
MAR – JUN MANY
5 – 15
LARGE Thick, rough, lumpy rind, easy peel, superb flavor-sweet, flesh deep orange. Very productive, medium-size tree with large leaf. Fairly cold hardy.
MURCOTT
(Honey Tangerine)
Tangerine X sweet orange
JAN – MAR MANY
10 – 20
MEDIUM
2¾” – 3¾ ”
Exceptionally sweet, juicy with a zipper like peel. Yellowish-orange peel, deep red flesh, heavy bearer. Tight, thin skin. Heavy, alternate bearer. Vigorous, bushy tree w/ willowy branches. Cold sensitive.
PONKAN (Chinese Honey) Mandarin
Citrus reticulata Ponkan
DEC – JAN FEW
3 – 7
LARGE
2¾” – 3¼”
Excellent fruit quality. Easily peeled. Sweet, low acid. “Old Tangerine” similar to Dancy but bigger. Fruit is round, flat on top & bottom. Upright & vigorous growth, med-size tree. Alternate bearing. Good dooryard variety. Cold hardy.
ROBINSON
Mandarin Clementine X Orlando
OCT – DEC VARIES
1 – 20
SMALL – MEDIUM
2½” – 2¾”
Very sweet. Easily peeled. Deep red flesh and peel color. Harvest prior to color break. Susceptible to limb breakage if fruit bearing too heavy. Twig & limb dieback, prune out dead wood. Cold hardy.  **similar to Sunburst * FallGlo (cross w/ Temple – lot of Temple taste)**
SATSUMA
Citrus unshiu
SEPT – NOV FEW
0 – 6
SM-MED
2¼” – 2½”
Sweet with low acid, easily peeled. Fruit segments good for canning in syrup or natural juice. Early harvest, can be harvested before full peel color. Sparse foliage growing habit; slow growing. Cold hardy.
SUNBURST
Robinson X Osceola (clementine X Orlando)
NOV – JAN VARIES
1 – 20
SM-MED
2½” – 3”
Bright red peel and flesh color, excellent eating. Fruit should exhibit some color before harvest. Easily peeled. Matures after Robinson, before Dancy.  **similar to Robinson*

Note: Nothing requires a pollinator; if did, may produce more fruit. < 25-30 F, need to protect all citrus. HARD FREEZE: 28 F > 4 hrs.

TANGELO (mandarin [tangerine] X grapefruit) Citrus x tangelo

VARIETY SEASON OF
MATURITY
SEEDS/
FRUIT
FRUIT
SIZE
COMMENTS
MINNEOLA (Honeybell)
Duncan grapefruit X Dancy tangerine
DEC – MAY FEW
7 – 12
LARGE
3” – 3½”
Bell shaped fruit, very sweet flavor. Peel thin, smooth, reddish orange with orange flesh. Vigorous, large tree. Extremely juicy. More tangerine taste. Cold hardy.
NOVA
Clementine tangerine X Orlando tangelo
NOV – DEC VARIES
1 – 30
MEDIUM
2¾” – 3”
Flesh deep orange, very sweet flavor, juicy. Pick fruit green, reddish orange rind. Vigorous grower, thorny, heavy producer. Cold tolerant.
ORLANDO
Duncan grapefruit X Dancy tangerine
NOV – JAN VARIES
0 – 35
LARGE
2¾” – 3”
Very juicy, heavy bearer. Rind adheres to flesh making it difficult to peel & oily. Foliage has distinctive cupped appearance. Sweet but not like Minneola. Cold hardy.

Note: Nothing requires a pollinator; if did, may produce more fruit. < 25-30 F, need to protect all citrus. HARD FREEZE: 28 F > 4 hrs.

Tangerines are smaller than most oranges, and are usually much easier to peel and to split into segments. The taste is often less sour, or tart, than that of an orange.

Good tangerines will be firm to slightly soft, heavy for their size, and pebbly-skinned with no deep grooves, as well as orange in color. Peak tangerine season is short, lasting from October to April in the Northern Hemisphere. Tangerines are most commonly peeled and eaten out of hand. The fresh fruit is also used in salads, desserts and main dishes. Fresh tangerine juice and frozen juice concentrate are commonly available in the United States. The number of seeds in each segment (carpel) varies greatly. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tangerine

The Tangelo is a citrusfruit that is a hybrid of a tangerine and either a pomelo or a grapefruit. It may have originated in Southeast Asia over 3,500 years ago. The fruits are the size of an adult fist and have a tangerine taste, but are very juicy, to the point of not providing much flesh but producing excellent and plentiful juice. Tangelos generally have loose skin and are easier to peel than oranges.[1] They are easily distinguished from oranges by a characteristic knob at the top of the fruit. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tangelo